Baby lying on a bed

Learn about nappy rash

At Bepanthen, we understand that there’s nothing more precious than your little ones, that’s why we’ve spent more than 50 years caring for their beautifully delicate skin.

Babies’ skin is thinner and softer than ours, and much more sensitive. It also has a higher pH level, which makes it more sensitive to irritants [1]. Although unpleasant for you and your baby, nappy rash is extremely common and easy to manage with the right care. If your baby has nappy rash, please don’t feel like you’ve done anything wrong – it happens to all of us.

With a combination of scientific expertise and a passion for family healthcare, Bepanthen have formulated a range of preservative-free, fragrance-free and dye-free products, to protect your baby’s precious skin.

What is nappy rash?

Nappy rash can occur at any time during your child’s nappy-wearing stage. Most children will experience nappy rash during this time, which appears as redness, lesions, swelling or spots on your baby’s bottom, thighs and genitals. Their affect skin may also be hot to the touch.

Side view of baby getting its nappy changed

The risk of nappy rash changes as your baby grows. During the first twelve months nappy rash is especially common, as stools are more frequent, and your baby’s skin is thinner, more permeable, and has a higher pH level. Therefore, it needs special care to prevent against nappy rash.

Bepanthen Ointment has been scientifically developed to provide protection against nappy rash in newborns and babies. With pure lanolin that acts like physiological skin lipids, it forms semi-occlusive ointment to deeply nourish even the most delicate skin, forming an anti-friction barrier, which is water resistant yet ensures skin breathability.

With pro-vitamin B5, it gently aids natural skin recovery, while keeping it soft smooth and moisturised.

How does nappy rash affect your baby?

Your baby’s behaviour might seem more troubled – they may cry when touched or washed, and wake frequently in the night because of discomfort. [2] [2A]

What causes nappy rash

Baby crying while its nappy is being changed

The most common cause of nappy rash is a combination of soiled nappies and friction. A baby’s delicate skin becomes sore and fragile when in contact with the natural yet irritating chemicals in healthy urine, and the irritants and enzymes in faeces.

This is made worse by a tight nappy, which both rubs, removing the skin’s protective lipids, and stops air circulating. If left untreated, this can even lead to fungal infections such as candida albicans. Some baby wipes and cleaning products can also cause irritation. [3][3A][3B][3C]

Nappy rash is more likely to occur if your baby is:

  • Premature
  • Unwell
  • Recovering from vaccination
  • Taking antibiotics [4]
  • Suffering from diarrhoea
  • Weaning
  • Prone to hereditary eczema [5]

When should you see the doctor?

Mum changing nappy

Remember, nappy rash is incredibly common, and most cases will clear up quickly with the right care and a little help from Bepanthen Ointment if your baby is less than one year old. If it’s been a few days and the rash is spreading outside the nappy area, if the skin is broken and weeping, or your baby is feverish, there may be an infection. Again these symptoms are common and not necessarily a cause for alarm, but you should consult a doctor.